An Evening at Dreamland Roller Disco (and Where to Eat and Drink Nearby)

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The Game Plan

What to do

As the sun sets on the southeast corner of Prospect Park, the strollers and loungers filter out, replaced by a crop of party people in neon. They’re here for Lola Star’s Dreamland Roller Disco, a groovy adult-only skate night with a quirky local history.

In 2008, Lola Star, whose real name is Dianna Carlin, won a contest sponsored by Glamour magazine and Tommy Hilfiger that helped her establish Dreamland, a flamboyant roller rink on the Coney Island Boardwalk. The rink was a hit, but it closed just two years later.

Lola Star’s Dreamland has since found a summer home at the LeFrak Center at Lakeside. And on Friday nights, you’re invited to this vintage dance party on wheels.

The doors open at 7 p.m. Inside the pavilion, swap your shoes for skates (included in the price of the ticket) and hit the floor. I went on “’90s Hip Hop” night, but maybe you’ll go for “Spice Girls in Xanadu” or “Purple Rain.” Whichever you choose, you’re encouraged to come in costume. Other key brings include a stacked crew of friends and a high level of hype.

As you groove along to the D.J. under colorful lights, you’ll notice who’s been practicing their footwork, thanks, in part, to their light-up skates. When it’s time for dance breaks, make sure to join the circle around the regulars pulling spins, splits and jumps. But don’t worry. You don’t have to be a pro — plenty of folks are wobbly.

When you need a break, there’s a bar in the back where you can watch skaters or look out on the park. Consider saving your drinking for afterword, though. The line gets long, and of course, you’re on skates. Coordination is critical.

Pro tip: Buy tickets in advance for a discounted rate.

Get directions to Lola Star’s Dreamland Roller Disco at the LeFrak Center at Lakeside.

Where to eat

De Hot Pot is a sliver of a Trinidadian restaurant ideal for pre- or post-roller skate carbo loading. Doubles are the thing here: two palm-size discs of plush, chewy fried flatbread (bara) that sandwich a subtly spicy and velveteen-smooth chickpea curry (channa). The pliant bara softens on contact with the channa, so this is not a neat sandwich, but it’s a brilliant one, and it can be yours for all of $1.50. (Speaking of which, bring cash. This restaurant does not take credit cards.) If you’re still hungry, split a chicken roti with a friend to fill up.

Kulushkat’s pita and pilaf and perfectly spiced falafel, and its sweet, cozy vibe, will make you wish a similar joint existed below your apartment. You wouldn’t be wrong to order every mezze on the menu, but if you don’t, be sure at least to score the eggplant à la Yafa, which is fried into collapsing caramelized rings that schlump onto your plate.

See the restaurants on our Google Map.

Where to drink

Camillo is, to be honest, too nice a restaurant to eat in after sweating it out on roller skates. But it’s the perfect place to swing by for a fancy-feeling nightcap. The bar is open until 11:15 p.m. on Fridays, and it welcomes walk-ins. Camillo’s rosato spritz, made with rosé and more bitter Campari, should satisfy even the pickiest spritz snob. And with a $9 glass of Lambrusco on the drink list and cocktails topping out at $10, you don’t have to feel guilty about perhaps ordering a second nightcap.

Parkside is a more casual option for a drink in the neighborhood, and good for a snack or, hey, a pizza, if you need a late-night dose of energy. The cocktails rotate seasonally and generally go down easy, but the bar’s nonalcoholic options, homemade citrus and hibiscus sodas, really hit the spot on a summer night when you’re backing off from booze.

See the bars on our Google Map.

What to check out nearby

• Brooklyn Botanic Garden is practically attached to Prospect Park. If you go on a Saturday, stop and smell the flowers in the afternoon, break for dinner, then come back to skate.

3 Quick Things

Something free or cheap

Ferry over to Governors Island, which is open with extended Fridays and Saturdays through Labor Day, and where free activities abound. This year there are free theatrical performances from the Rising Sun Performance Company on weekends, and there is a free exhibition by Pioneer Works residents. Check Governors Island’s calendar for even more summer programming.

Something for the weeknight

Start outdoor movie season off small at Peephole Cinema in Bushwick. This dime-size peephole at 97 Wilson Avenue shows a series of short, looping films curated by the animation artist Laurie O’Brien. Each running just 10 to 20 seconds, the films won’t take long to watch, so make a night of it by grabbing a pizza or a taco and hanging till dark in nearby Maria Hernandez Park.

Something from a reader

Craft your own brewery crawl in Long Island City. “Start at LIC Beer Project, where you can down some flavorful I.P.A.s,” Ranu R., a Summer reader (and Times employee) writes. “Next, take a leisurely walk down to Big Alice Brewing Company and try some lighter sour beers and goses.” Finish up your crawl at Alewife Brewing Company, where you can dig into a hearty late lunch or early dinner, and “of course, more beer.”

Do you have a favorite thing to do in New York City during summer? (And are you willing to share your secret spots with us?) Send your idea or photo to, and we might feature it in our next newsletter.

Happening This Week (and Beyond)

Tonight and tomorrow: It’s Manhattanhenge! Here are the best places to watch.

Saturday: Take a walking tour of the Harlem Renaissance or of the Bronx’s historic jazz and hip-hop hot spots during New York Music Month. Both free.

Saturday: Watch artists paint a fresh crop of murals at the Bushwick Collective Block Party.

Saturday to Saturday: Hiking, surfing, paddleboarding, camping, forest bathing and more are on the OutdoorFest agenda.

Sunday: This is your chance to see inside some gorgeous homes. Snag tickets to the 49th annual Prospect Lefferts Gardens House and Garden Tour.

Tuesday: Free Bryant Park yoga is up and running for the season. Head to the upper terrace at 10 a.m.

Tuesday: The one and only Patti LaBelle will be kicking off BRIC’s annual Celebrate Brooklyn! Festival with a free concert in Prospect Park. See more noteworthy events, like this one, on our Culture Calendar.


A Signal in Giant Earthquakes That Could Save Lives

Seismologists have never had a better understanding of earthquakes. But tragedy after tragedy shows that quakes still surprise and shock people with their mercurial behavior. Precise predictions of when and where quakes will occur, and how deadly they may be, are not yet possible. If, however, researchers could chronicle how quakes grow, they might be able to better forecast how powerful they will become.

The mightiest quakes are far from instantaneous. They can last minutes, which makes them less like a single subterranean blast and more like a series of explosions moving outward. A new study, published on Wednesday in Science Advances, explains that the outward journey of these explosions differs depending on the power of the quake.

That means that the final magnitude of a quake could be determined in as little as 10 to 15 seconds after it begins, and long before it ends.

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A single-digit leap in earthquake magnitude means that 32 times more energy is being released. Many factors determine the hazard level of a quake, but small increases in magnitude can make the difference between merely damaging and catastrophic. If final earthquake magnitudes could be ascertained early on, it would give rapid, more precise warnings to populations yet to be shaken.

Diego Melgar, an assistant professor of seismology at the University of Oregon, explained that this connection was not what he and the paper’s other co-author, Gavin P. Hayes of the United States Geological Survey, were originally looking for. Instead, they had been gathering data from quake databases to make the most accurate simulations of the most powerful quakes.

“And along the way we just stumbled upon something interesting,” Dr. Melgar said: a key moment in time that frames an earthquake’s future.

The team took a close look at 3,000 earthquakes recorded by the agency’s seismometers. The data captured by these sensors can show the energy release of an earthquake over time far from the source. The researchers also dug through 30 quakes’ worth of GPS station data, where an antenna bolted to the ground tracks the development of the rupture close to the earthquake.

Building on earlier work, the team described how large earthquakes evolve. Immediately after they start, they grow chaotically for a few seconds, a pandemonium that lasts longer for more prolonged quakes. The rupture then organizes itself — for reasons that are for now unclear — into something resembling a pulse, a ring-shaped area that moves outward from the source of the quake over time.

This pulse ring denotes where the rock is breaking or slipping. A thinner pulse is less likely to keep growing into a bigger event, whereas a thicker pulse is more likely to do so. The team argues that because of these differences, the dimensions can be used to determine the quake’s final magnitude mid-rupture.

Since the 1980s, seismologists have been debating if such a feat is possible. Some said that final magnitudes could be calculated right at the quake’s birth, while others suspected that seismologists would have to wait for the rupture to terminate. Others, like Dr. Melgar and Dr. Hayes, fall somewhere in between.

Stephen Hicks, a seismologist at Imperial College London who was not involved with the research, said the data suggested that the correlation between rupture evolution and final magnitude was not a coincidence. The way in which big quakes accelerate may be a recurrent feature among the overarching chaos.

Men-Andrin Meier, a seismologist at the California Institute of Technology, said that his own research also showed it was possible to determine final magnitudes mid-quake. But he differs from Dr. Melgar and Dr. Hayes on how soon into the rupture the final magnitude can be calculated. Their new paper places it at around 10 seconds, but Dr. Meier says that this depends on magnitude and can vary wildly.

One limitation of the new model is that it assumes an average earthquake behavior. In reality, “any individual earthquake still has a personality,” Dr. Melgar said. The evolution of certain earthquakes may not fit with expected patterns, making mid-rupture calculations of final magnitudes more difficult or, in some cases, easier.

Dr. Melgar also acknowledges that powerful quakes, especially those above magnitude 8.5, are rarer than their weaker counterparts. More data on big temblors, from simulations or real events, is required to shore up this model.

“It’s a good speculative idea, we just need to fill it in before we can have a lot of confidence in it,” said John Vidale, a professor of seismology at the University of Southern California.


In Kikuchi vs. Ohtani, Japan Sees Another Great Rivalry

The Seattle Mariners and Los Angeles Angels may be duking it out in the cellar of the American League West, but when they begin a four-game series on Thursday in Seattle, the showdown will get October-like coverage in Japan.

Nearly every spot in the Mariners’ 150-seat press box has been assigned — the largest turnout since opening day — and the game will be broadcast live throughout Japan, starting at 10 a.m. Friday with the time difference.

The reason for the hype? Yusei Kikuchi and Shohei Ohtani, who attended the same high school in Japan, could face off for the first time on American soil. Kikuchi, a left-handed pitcher, is scheduled to start Thursday for Seattle, and if Angels Manager Brad Ausmus decides to use Ohtani, his left-handed designated hitter, Japan will go bonkers.

But the nation’s interest is not just in seeing two of its players on the same Major League Baseball diamond. It is also about Japan’s fixation on the nuances of individual rivalries between pitchers and batters, a fascination that underscores how differently fans there view baseball compared with most North Americans.

Japan has long viewed elite pitchers and skilled hitters in tandem. When the pioneering Dodgers ace Hideo Nomo pitched for the Kintestu Buffaloes, it was the hard-swinging Kazuhiro Kiyohara whom most fans wanted to see face him. Mention the home run king Sadaharu Oh, and many Japanese people will fondly recall how Yutaka Enatsu took him on.

“It wasn’t just great ability that made the legendary matchups of the past: In each case, there was a rivalry or palpable consciousness between the particular pitcher and batter,” Yuta Ishida, a journalist from Tokyo who traveled to Seattle to cover the Mariners-Angels matchup, said in Japanese.

Sure, fans in the United States cherish a handful of pitcher-batter associations, but it is often because of inciting incidents or landmark results: Roger Clemens hurling part of a broken bat at Mike Piazza during the 2000 World Series or Al Downing serving up Hank Aaron’s 715th career home run to break Babe Ruth’s record. But in Japan, where the national sport pits one wrestler against another in a sumo ring, the fascination is with the process and how the one-on-one confrontation evolves.

The Atlanta Braves’ Brian McCann, who caught Masahiro Tanaka with the Yankees from 2014 to 2016, said the questions from Japanese reporters after each Tanaka start were different from those he faced after other pitchers’ starts.

“They would ask about a pitch mid-count, like 1-2, that the hitter took, or why he threw a slider on 0-1,” McCann said. “That would never get asked by American media. They asked more about a pitcher’s condition or the quality of his stuff.”

Perhaps the most-anticipated Japanese matchup in the United States occurred in 2007, when Boston pitcher Daisuke Matsuzaka faced Seattle’s Ichiro Suzuki. It was a rekindling of a brief but memorable rivalry that began eight years earlier in Japan, when an 18-year-old Matsuzaka faced Suzuki, then a five-time Pacific League batting champion, in an encounter that made the pair instantly synonymous.

Matsuzaka, nine months removed from electrifying the nation by pitching a no-hitter in the championship game of the National High School Baseball Tournament, struck out Suzuki three straight times. Many fans can still recall the pitch selection Matsuzaka used to vanquish Suzuki that May day. For those who yearn for more, a pitch-by-pitch description — along with vivid commentary and interviews — is preserved in a book whose title translates to “Ultimate Baseball Theory” in English.

The first at-bat alone consumes six pages. Here is a paraphrased translation of the climax, with the count at 2-2:

“A 94-m.p.h. fastball came up and in, and Ichiro fouled it off. Indeed, Ichiro clearly was waiting for a fastball. Would Matsuzaka challenge him with what he now knew he was waiting for? The answer is yes. Matsuzaka taunted Ichiro with a fastball up and away, a breathtaking 91-m.p.h. fastball that sapped the strength right out of Ichiro’s swing. One can only wonder if Ichiro had been looking for it inside. But whatever he was thinking, he simply wasn’t able to swing with his trademark sharpness. He was left back on his heels.”

Suzuki left for the major leagues in the United States two years later, and Matsuzaka followed in 2007. Among the eagerly anticipated questions the night their rivalry resumed at Boston’s Fenway Park was: Would Matsuzaka start Suzuki off with the fastball he used to vanquish him years earlier? To the consternation of many, he did not. Even Matsuzaka himself was disappointed.

“I almost feel like telling Ichiro-San to smack me on the head,” he confided to a Japanese magazine. “I can’t believe I started him off with a curveball. No matter how much I want to keep him from getting a hit, a first-pitch curveball was not the right way to do it. I’m so angry at myself.”

Lost in the debate was the fact that the curveball dropped in for strike one before Matsuzaka induced Suzuki to ground out.

The Kikuchi-Ohtani rematch is different because they faced each other only twice in Japan: In 2013 Kikuchi struck out Ohtani, a rookie at the time, twice in two at-bats, then struck him out again in 2017, also surrendering two hits, including a double.

As they prepare for a third encounter, Japan has been enthralled by more than just a budding on-field rivalry. In its vertical society, junior-senior relationships are emphasized. Kikuchi, 27, and Ohtani, 24, are both from the rural Iwate Prefecture on Japan’s main island, and both attended Hanamaki Higashi High School. It doesn’t matter that Kikuchi had already turned pro when Ohtani matriculated there; since both are alumni, the fact that Ohtani is kohai (junior) to Kikuchi’s senpai (senior) adds an extra, riveting layer to their evolving relationship.

“It’s almost like the older brother facing the younger brother,” Ishida said, “because they were developed by the same coach at the same high school, so they have the same DNA.”

That DNA now extends to competing in the same division in the major leagues. And since both are under 30 years old and signed to long-term deals, the matchup has the potential to bloom under the microscope for years to come.


On Migrant Journeys With WhatsApp and Google Translate

How do New York Times journalists use technology in their jobs and in their personal lives? Miriam Jordan, a national immigration correspondent based in Los Angeles, discussed the tech she’s using.

What tech tools do you use most on the job?

My Lenovo laptop, printer and iPhone are the main tools of my trade. And I use the Voice Memos app exclusively to record news conferences.

But let me step back. While technology is great, there’s no substitute for building a rapport with someone, especially as an immigration reporter. I prefer face-to-face conversations, whenever possible.

Because I am frequently in the field talking to Spanish speakers in sometimes precarious situations, I find that just jotting down what people say in a notebook is more discreet than using the Notes app or recording a conversation. There is a formality inherent in recording that I feel inhibits folks from speaking freely, and many of the people I interview are undocumented. Keeping a record of what they tell me in a device makes them worry about being exposed to immigration authorities, especially in the current political climate.

You travel a lot for work then. What gadgets help with that?

I always carry an extra battery pack for my mobile phone. Especially if I am in a remote location, I want to know that I can reach the photographer with whom I am traveling (sometimes we end up separated), as well as my editor and family.

When I am driving just about anywhere that is new, I rely on the Waze app to guide me. I wonder how I would manage without it! If I am somewhere without a car, then a ride-sharing app like Uber or Lyft does the trick.

How about social media?

Twitter enables me to stay abreast of the conversation surrounding my immigration beat, as well as to be a part of it, if I desire. I have also been contacted by readers on Twitter with tips — or complaints. Twitter is also indispensable to promote my pieces and to amplify them, if I write threads that include aspects that didn’t make it into the story.

Facebook Groups can be treasure troves of information about what activists are doing, and they help me find ideas as well as sources for stories. For example, after a judge ordered the government last year to reunite families who had been separated at the border, volunteer groups helping parents and children converged on Facebook to discuss their observations.

I also often use WhatsApp to talk with sources on sensitive topics, because all communication is encrypted.

What technology do migrants use?

Like most families from the Spanish-speaking Caribbean and Latin America, as well as other parts of the developing world, migrants crossing the border use WhatsApp to communicate with their loved ones back home and among their family in the United States.

WhatsApp can be used to transmit photos of police reports, birth certificates and other documents that migrants may need their relatives to send them after they have arrived in the United States to help build their asylum case. Once upon a time, people in far-flung areas would have to find an internet cafe to email material from their home country to the United States. WhatsApp is also invaluable because you can send voice memos to people who are illiterate.

Some migrants arrive at the border with smartphones, but not all of them. The greater the distance they have traveled, the more likely they are to carry one. Brazilians, Indians and Africans tend to have smartphones more than Central Americans do. Once they are settled and working in the United States, they often use their smartphones to send money to their family back home.

And migrant children are as addicted to video games and entertainment on cellphones as other kids.

How is technology used by Americans communicating with migrants?

I was recently at a respite center in Tucson, which on some nights sleeps more than 300 Central American migrants who have just been released by the Border Patrol. It is staffed by an army of well-intentioned volunteers, who provide food, clothing and medical care to the migrant families.

But often they don’t speak Spanish, and rely on Google Translate. The funny way that things get so literally translated often breaks the ice between migrants and their helpers as they erupt in laughter.

Outside of work, what tech do you love to use or to avoid?

I use my iPhone to listen to music when I run and when I walk the dog. I also use it to tune in to the Times podcast “The Daily” as well as other podcasts. I have an internet-connected exercise bike.

How do your kids help you with digital tools and the internet?

My 22-year-old twins, Maya and Danny, are definitely my tech-support team when they are around.

Danny helps me with basic functions on Microsoft Word, Outlook and Facebook. I have a knack for accidentally deleting sections or material in my files, which he helps me restore (Alt Z?). My computer also seems to freeze not infrequently, and he comes to the rescue.

Maya helps me buy music on iTunes and download music onto my phone. She helped me to discover new text actions, such as “laughing” or “loving.” She has helped me post certain things to Facebook and keep my profile picture more or less current.

Neither seems interested in pricey wearable tech, like smart watches. Thankfully!


Robert L. Bernstein, Publisher and Champion of Dissent, Dies at 96

With Mr. Bernstein as founding chairman, Human Rights Watch and its constituent groups established a global presence, exposing genocide, torture and war crimes in Africa and Central America, and political corruption, criminal justice violations, racial and gender discrimination, and other abuses in many lands. He retired in 1998 after 20 years at the helm.

But in a 2009 Op-Ed article in The New York Times, Mr. Bernstein accused Human Rights Watch of anti-Israeli bias, saying it condemned “far more” human rights abuses in Israel than in other Middle Eastern countries ruled by “authoritarian regimes with appalling human rights records.”

Human Rights Watch rejected the criticisms as inaccurate and said it stood behind its work.

The group and Mr. Bernstein ultimately reconciled. Robert Kissane, the co-chairman of the Human Rights Watch board, wrote in an email on Tuesday, “We were honored to have Bob at our annual dinner in New York this year, and to pay tribute to his contributions over 40 years to human rights around the world.”

Robert Louis Bernstein was born in Manhattan on Jan. 5, 1923, one of two children of Alfred and Sylvia (Bloch) Bernstein. His father was in the textile business. The boy attended the Lincoln School, a progressive affiliate of Columbia University, graduating in 1940. At Harvard, he completed work for a degree in history in two and a half years, although he did not receive his degree until 1944. He served in the Army Air Forces from 1943 to 1946.

In 1950, he married Helen Walter, and she survives him. In addition to her and his son Peter, he is survived by two other sons, Tom and William; his sister, Barbara Rosenberg; 10 grandchildren; and four great-grandchildren.

After the war, Mr. Bernstein became an office boy with the Simon & Schuster publishing house, and by 1952 he was general sales manager. Four years later he was dismissed in a staff cutback, but Mr. Cerf soon hired him as a sales manager at Random House. Founded in 1927, the storied RH had published works by Eugene O’Neill, William Faulkner, Marcel Proust, Sinclair Lewis, Robert Penn Warren and James Joyce’s “Ulysses.” In 1960, it acquired the distinguished Alfred A. Knopf, whose imprint went on many celebrated books of the Bernstein era.

Mr. Bernstein succeeded Mr. Cerf as president in 1966, became chief executive in 1967 and was named chairman in 1975. With a mandate to expand, he bought other publishers, enlarged fiction and nonfiction lists, published dictionaries and encyclopedias, added new textbooks and introduced books on tape, educational games and audiovisual aids for schools. He also published scores of Nobel- and Pulitzer Prize-winning authors.


Rise in Unruly Behavior on Planes Is Tied to Stress of Flying

In July, the Airport Operators Association, the U.K. Travel Retail Forum and the air transport association (and, later, Airlines U.K.) introduced a media campaign to curb excessive drinking. Called One Too Many, the program is expected to return this summer.

The campaign began at 10 airports (14 now participate, including Heathrow) with airport screens and posters and a leaflet distributed by the police. It also appeared on Facebook, Instagram and Snapchat.

Bars and restaurants eliminated shots and two-pints from their menus. (A pint in Britain is 20 fluid ounces.) World Duty Free shops, a subsidiary of Dufry, voluntarily introduced sealed bags to carry alcoholic purchases at 24 airports in Britain.

The One Too Many campaign “reminds passengers of their responsibilities and the severe consequences of drinking to excess,” said Karen Dee, chief executive of the Airport Operators Association. “These consequences range from being denied boarding to unlimited fines, flight bans and prison sentences for the most serious offenses.”

The campaign is showing decreases in alcohol-related offenders at Glasgow Airport, Manchester Airport and Birmingham Airport, according to the operators association.

Beginning in April, the European Union Aviation Safety Agency and the airline transport association started a separate campaign on social media and YouTube. That campaign, #NotOnMyFlight, is intended to draw attention to rowdy behavior.

The 28 European Union member states and four associate states — Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland — participate voluntarily. A video, created for dramatic effect, shows a passenger dancing in an aisle, another tossing an inflatable toy and luggage from the overhead bin and a third smoking in a lavatory. Each vignette intersperses a mug shot of the passenger with a designated punishable offense.


How to Deal With Job-Search Depression

“In fact, many of the people in my study said it was the most important thing to them, even beyond financial problems,” she said. Those who listed financial concerns as their top source of stress often cited a perceived loss of identity as a close second.

The perception that we are our work is a major reason the job search, and receiving constant messages that we aren’t who we think we are, is so distressing.

“If your identity is threatened, you need an identity-based solution,” Dr. Norris said.

The solution: Recognize that your personality is made up of a diverse range of experiences, interests and values — not just your employment status — and “have other areas in your life that you can lean on as a source of joy and confidence.” This is pivotal to coping with job loss, Dr. Maidenberg said.

Treat job hunting like a job

Besides the loss of income and identity that can come with being out of work, there’s also the loss of day-to-day structure. Sending out emails while wearing sweatpants on the sofa might seem like a fantasy to some, but after a while, the loss of scheduled time can lead to feelings of anxiety, depression and disconnection, Dr. Norris said.

The solution: Create structure for yourself, both inside the job hunt and out. Setting strict office hours can help keep the search from bleeding into every area of your life, with deadlines pushing you to work more efficiently. Simple rules, like a “No LinkedIn after 6 p.m.” policy, or a mandatory lunch hour, will give you the space to focus on other interests and relationships and mentally recharge.

The stress of a job search can also make people feel as if they don’t deserve down time, but working overtime and pushing to the point of burnout will only exacerbate feelings of isolation and negativity. This can have an impact on both your mental health and your job prospects, Mr. Witters said.

“It’s a feedback mechanism where the longer you go, the harder it is on your emotional health,” he said. “The worse your emotional health is, the harder” it can be to successfully chase down job leads and dazzle interviewers.


How to Pack a First Aid Kit for Extended International Travel

It’s a question that the two 52 Places Travelers have fielded from readers and colleagues alike: How do you stay healthy when crisscrossing the world for nearly 365 days? And what do you pack in case you get sick? Each location has its own set of challenges, recommended vaccines and access to pharmacies.

There’s a thin line between being over- and underprepared, said Rebecca Acosta, the co-founder and executive director of Traveler’s Medical Service. The average globe-trotting traveler does not need I.V. bags and syringes, she said, though the items are suggested for those trekking in rural areas.

Jada Yuan began her year as the inaugural 52 Places Traveler in 2018 with a first aid kit that was built with the help of foreign correspondents. Ms. Yuan’s kit was so extensive that a Moroccan customs officer accused her of being a drug dealer.

Twelve months and some 74,900 miles later, Ms. Yuan returned to New York City with “basically the same amount of medicine,” she said.

This year’s 52 Places Traveler, Sebastian Modak, is having a similar experience. Five months in, his first aid kit has been almost untouched. But it offers enough peace of mind that it’s worth all the space it takes up, he says.

(His top recommendation for staying healthy? Drink clean, filtered water. Lots of it.)

Here’s how to pack a first aid kit, whether you are going around the world for a year or a remote adventure for a week.

Start With a Vaccine Checklist

The Centers for Disease Control has a list of vaccines, health notices and packing lists for those traveling around the world. That means accounting for location: Ms. Yuan and Mr. Modak had to plan for places as diverse as Liuwa Plain National Park in Zambia and Japan’s Setouchi Islands.

Make sure to look up vaccine requirements far in advance of your travels, as some vaccines may require treatments or doses. Additionally, some nations may require proof of vaccination upon entering customs. The World Health Organization keeps an updated list of nations requiring yellow fever vaccines here.

Don’t forget travel insurance

If you are traveling with a group or on business, you may already have traveler’s insurance that covers medical evacuation. If not, consider buying insurance that includes medevac services, which are recommended when traveling to more rural destinations.

In addition to health coverage, travel insurance covers things like lost baggage and flight cancellations. So even if you stay healthy, it can come in handy when you’re on road.

A good travel insurance package will also include a support number to call if you need help identifying the severity of your illness, and where to turn for help.

If your health care provider in the United States offers virtual doctor visits, you may be able to turn to your regular doctor’s office while abroad, too.

Management vs. prevention

If you have prescriptions, make sure they are filled for the entirety of your travels. That may take some coordinating between a primary care physician and insurance companies if medicines need to be resupplied on the road. Ms. Acosta recommends working with a doctor to compile a list of all prescribed medications, in generic form, in case prescriptions are misplaced.

When it comes to prevention, Ms. Acosta said, travelers should think of their medicine cabinet. “What are the type of things that you may grab from your medical kit at home? If it’s one in the morning and you have an upset stomach or a headache, what do you go for?”

Pack those items first.

For Mr. Modak that included vitamins. “I don’t know if you can overdose on vitamins but if so, I’m doing it,” he said from Bulgaria. “I take a multivitamin every morning and chew an Airborne vitamin C tablet, too, on top of that.”

Build your kit

“The worst time to go looking for a pharmacy is after you already need one — and that’s especially true when you’re traveling in an unfamiliar place,” said Ria Misra, the travel editor with Wirecutter, a New York Times Company that reviews and recommends products. That’s why she recommends building your own kit or carefully choosing a prepackaged one.

Traveler’s Medical Service offers recommendations for your kit, listed below; choose the brands that you’ve used in the past. (Traveling internationally is not a great time to test new medication.) Wirecutter recommends packaging a kit in the Osprey UltraLight Roll Organizer; the bag’s roll-up design allows it to pack down significantly.

For travelers short on time, some pre-packed first-aid kits cover the basics. Wirecutter recommends to First Aid Only’s Essentials Kit, which contains the basics needed to clean up minor cuts and relieve pain.

Keep those kits in a carry-on.

Make a checklist

Travelers should create a first aid kit for simple wounds and basic medications to treat stomach issues, colds and allergies. Some products that Traveler’s Medical Service recommends include:

First aid items

  • Alcohol swabs and liquid disinfectant solution

  • Bandages: Adhesive bandages, gauze, tape, blister pads and bandage rolls

  • Topical creams: Antibiotic ointment, antifungal ointments, hydrocortisone cream

  • Oral rehydration solution for diarrhea or dehydration

  • Tweezers

  • Digital thermometer

  • Lubricating eye drops

  • Insect repellent

  • Aloe gel


  • Antacids

  • Antihistamines for allergic reactions and seasonal allergies

  • Bismuth subsalicylate for nausea, gas and bloating

  • Laxative/stool softener

  • Anti-motility medication for severe diarrhea

  • Cough and cold remedies and lozenges

  • Pain relievers/fever reducers

  • Motion sickness medication

Similarly, note any preventive medicines in generic form should you need to restock while traveling.


The World According to John Waters, as Interpreted by Alan Cumming

The last two-thirds of the book are a compendium of rants on topics that both fascinate and confound the author. Brutalist architecture is lauded. Andy Warhol is paid homage to and parodied at the same time. Chimpanzee art is used as a means to illuminate the insanity of the contemporary art market. The music of Waters’s youth is delved into at length and with tender detail, and yet another life lesson is imparted: He contends that we all need to have good taste in music, and I concur. For isn’t taste merely having opinions and being willing to defend them? In this current environment that constantly encourages us to stay afloat on the winds of influencers and #trending, how refreshing and necessary to hear that sticking to your guns is the essential route to a healthy psyche. If you consider Waters’s psyche to be healthy, as I indubitably do.

He also dismisses protesting (“Don’t act up, ACT BAD!”), fantasizes about a culinary version of his aesthetic in a restaurant named Gristle and makes observations about travel (“Why is everybody ugly in first class?”). Though here, again, a revealing and inspiring detail is slipped into the bountiful list of Waters wisdom: “‘The day you stop touring, your career is over,’ Elton John once told me, and he’s right.” Please note the extensive schedule of public events and appearances that now fill this auteur’s calendar. He intends to be with us for quite a while.

Waters understands that we need some real filth from him, and so there is an unashamedly sensationalist chapter on sex, with some classic, hilarious zingers: “Militant rimmers are the Jehovah’s Witnesses of anilingus. Always knocking on the door … but accepting if turned away.” And while we’re on the subject of the anus, here for me came the book’s biggest shock, a rectum-related remark that genuinely made me gasp and wonder if, in the same way people’s voting habits have a tendency to conservatize with age, Waters’s views on sex have been primped and neutered. Are you ready, readers? Here it comes: John Waters does not believe in penetrative anal sex! But then I read on, and when I got to the bit where he states that peeing on a man in the bathroom of a sex club broadened him intellectually I realized that, of course, conventional old anal sex would be likely to be pooh-poohed by this scribe.

In the final third of the book, Waters lets slip that it was sold to his publisher partly on the idea that, at 70, he would take LSD again and write about it. Here, if anywhere in this great, rambling literary shrine to the author’s idiosyncrasies, we learn the very essence of John Waters. He begins with a sensational idea, he arrests us, but then the actual execution of it is marred with anxiety and doubt — much like the experiences he relates from his filmmaking days. When the moment finally arrives and he drops the drug with two friends, the shocking truth emerges that they all just had a really lovely time. When it’s over he texts his assistants, his boyfriend, even his drug dealer, to tell them he’s fine. And life goes on. It wasn’t that big a deal. But that’s what I loved about this book: its honesty, even in its flaws.

As the man himself says, and this is a mantra I think every artist who feels the pressure to keep delivering should heed and pass on (I know I will): “Learn to milk whatever success you’ve had. You can keep doing the same thing over and over as long as you have a sense of humor about not having a new idea.”


Bicycle Diaries: Two Centuries of New York City History

On a May day in 1884, Samuel Clemens — better known as Mark Twain — took a break from writing in his Hartford home to do something that, at 48 years old, he had never done before: ride a bicycle.

Twain wrote about mounting the four-foot-tall penny-farthing bike for the first time — and of subsequently flying over the handlebars and landing in the hospital — in “Taming the Bicycle,” an essay published seven years after his death in 1910. Despite the difficulties Twain faced on his inaugural ride, the author ended the piece by encouraging readers to buy a two-wheeler for themselves.

“You will not regret it, if you live,” he wrote.

In New York City, where a cycling boom was underway, several thousand riders pedaled through the city’s streets, according to Evan Friss, author of “On Bicycles: A 200-Year History of Cycling in New York City.” But the undercurrent of uncertainty in Twain’s command — about whether mounting a bike meant risking one’s life — was increasingly a concern in New York: in 1880, officials voted to ban bicycles and tricycles from the city’s parks in a bid to protect pedestrians from what parks commissioners said were the threats posed by pedalers.

The belief that cyclists endanger other New Yorkers persists among some, but bikers are overwhelmingly victims of collisions rather than the perpetrators of them: only one cyclist has killed a pedestrian since 2017, according to Gothamist, and 10 cyclists have died on New York City streets so far this year — double the amount killed by this time last year, according to a Police Department spokeswoman, Sgt. Jessica McRorie. (Sergeant McRorie couldn’t immediately say how many cyclists had killed pedestrians in recent years.)

The complex past, present and future roles of the bicycle as a vehicle for both social progress and strife are explored in “Cycling in the City: A 200-Year History,” an exhibition at the Museum of the City of New York through Oct. 6. With more than 150 objects — including 14 bicycles and vintage cycling apparel — the exhibition traces the transformation of cycling’s significance from a form of democratized transportation that gave women, immigrants and minorities a sense of freedom beginning when the first bike arrived in New York City in 1819, to a political football that continues to pit the city’s more than 800,000 cyclists against their detractors today.

Mr. Friss, an associate professor of history at James Madison University who organized the exhibition with Donald Albrecht, a curator at the museum, said, “The bicycle can be used as a symbol for change, for invaders coming into a neighborhood, for shaking things up.” Here are some of the exhibition’s themes.

Liberation for (Some) Women

The biking boom in late-19th-century New York offered the mainly white, upper-middle-class women who could afford to buy them a way to eschew the stringent Victorian era expectations of “true womanhood.” They instead became “New Women” who challenged gendered norms by using bicycles to claim space on the streets and control over their own lives. The suffragists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony were among the women who championed cycling as a path to freedom for women, with Anthony telling the journalist Nellie Bly in an 1896 interview that it “has done more to emancipate women than anything else in the world.”

Outside feminist circles, traditionalists charged that the 20 percent of New York women who Mr. Friss estimates rode would upend society as they knew it: an 1895 print in the exhibition shows a posse of “New Women” entirely reliant on their two wheels, cycling to do laundry, run errands and visit the graves of their dead husbands. But pioneering female cyclists insisted that such a reality wouldn’t be so bad: Violet Ward of Staten Island started a bike club for women — with her friend, the renowned photographer Alice Austen — and wrote “Bicycling for Ladies,” a 200-page book advising women on how to become serious cyclists.

A Source of Solidarity

White women weren’t the only New Yorkers using bicycles to assert the validity of their identities in public space: immigrants and minorities formed (predominantly male) cycling clubs of their own at the turn of the 20th century.

“They served two functions: to promote ethnic pride and solidarity, but at the same time, to promote their American identity, because the bicycle fad was sweeping the nation,” Mr. Friss said.

German, Italian, Japanese, Chinese, Danish, Mexican and Mongolian immigrants created their own riding groups, and black cyclists formed the Alpha Wheelmen to counter the idea that the new national past time was only for privileged white men. Marshall Taylor, known as Major, was a member of the South Brooklyn Wheelmen club and gained national fame as the first African-American cyclist to become a world champion and only the second black athlete to win the title in any sport. (The Canadian boxer George Dixon was the first.)

Cycling has also dredged up heated and deep-seated debates about who deserves space on New York’s streets.

“It’s fascinating the degree to which the bicycle is a politically charged object, in the way in which politicians use it and the kind of animus it creates, and the way it becomes a symbol for all sorts of other political debates about who belongs where,” Mr. Friss said.

A short film — “A Winter With Delivery Workers,” directed by Jing Wang — delves into one of the more recent disputes, between Mayor Bill de Blasio and the many immigrant delivery workers who rely on throttle-assisted electric bicycles, known as e-bikes, to do their jobs. A clip from the film shows Mr. de Blasio praising police officers in October 2017 for confiscating more than 900 e-bikes so far that year — a more than 170 percent increase from the previous year.

“We have to go after anyone who creates a threat to neighborhood residents,” Mr. de Blasio says in the film. (The mayor later announced a plan to clarify the city’s vague law that bans “motorized scooters” and explicitly allow pedal-assisted e-bikes, which typically do not exceed speeds of 20 miles per hour. But a package of bills proposed in the City Council that would also legalize electric scooters and throttle-assisted e-bikes remains in limbo.)

Bikers have battled politicians for decades: a photograph in the exhibition from 1980 shows cyclists staging a sit-in along a bike lane on the Avenue of the Americas after critics demanded that Mayor Edward I. Koch remove the lanes. Mr. Koch ordered the bike lanes gone, but eight years later bikers led by bicycle messengers emerged victorious in another fight, after they pressured Mr. Koch to drop his proposed plan to ban bikes from three Midtown avenues. Nearly 20 years later, in 2007, the city saw its first iteration of the modern protected bike lane, along a stretch of Ninth Avenue. Since then, officials have added 120 miles of protected bike lanes, according to the Department of Transportation.

The exhibition begins and ends with a wall of front pages from newspapers and magazines spanning the 19th century to this year. All of the headlines make reference to the bike battles of the day. They highlight the enduring legacy of the bicycle in a city that is constantly in flux, which calls to mind a line from Mr. Friss’s book: “After two hundred years, and in a city known for change, New Yorkers are still pedaling.”

Cycling in the City: A 200-Year History

Through Oct. 6 at the Museum of the City of New York, 1220 Fifth Avenue, Manhattan; 212-534-1672,